How to Cite
Anyone is welcome to use our transcriptions and descriptions, but please cite them accordingly.
Some general principles, with examples:
Always mention the shelfmark when citing a fragment.
- Letter from Abu Bakr b. ʿUmar. National Library of Israel, Ms.Heb.8333.88.
Transcriptions that come from print editions should acknowledge the original publication.
- Khalili Arabic 29, ed. Geoffrey Khan, Arabic Documents from Early Islamic Khurasan(London: The Nour Foundation in association with Azimuth Editions, 2007), pp. 152-54.
Transcriptions that IEDC lists as unpublished should be cited with credit to the editor(s) who transcribed the text and to IEDC.
- Afghanistan National Archives, Firuzkuh 8, O.Haim et al., unpublished translation available online through the Invisible East programme.